Learn / Compost / Kitchen Waste / How

Daily Dump composting is smell
free & fool proof!

Kitchen waste daily

+

Remix power daily

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Compost in 1.5 months

The convenience of Remix Powder makes the Daily Dump way easy peasy.

Learn / Compost / Kitchen Waste / Remix Powder

What does Remix powder do?

1. Absorbs moisture

Remix powder uses the absorption strength of cocopeat to soak up the liquid released during composting (leachate). That means no more gooey, sticky or smelly piles.

2. Makes composting stir & smell free

The powder is light and airy, creating plenty of gaps in the compost pile. This, along with the holes in the outer surface of Daily Dump composters, keep oxygen flowing - eliminating the need to stir and stopping stinky odours from forming.

3. Great source of carbon

Remix Powder has the right type of carbon for composting. It has ideal particulate size and surface area and so does not lead to air blocked masses forming. Its high lignin content adds to the nutrient value of the done compost and boosts root health.

4. Creates friable compost

Compost produced using Remix Powder reduces the amount of cocopeat you need to add in your final potting mixture. In fact, you can directly plant some species of seeds into your compost.

5. Helps you get it right the first time

The correct moisture content and enough oxygen are keys to no smell composting. Start with Remix powder and we can guarantee that you will soon be on your way to becoming a composting ustaad!

6. Speeds up composting

Remix powder contains a culture of cellulolytic and lignolytic microbes mixed with magnesium silicate. This is a natural and safe accelerator that speeds up composting

  • Composting is no longer a chore!

Learn / Compost / Kitchen Waste / Ingredients

Ingredients for composting

What can go in

fruit & veg peels

cooked food

meat & fish bones

Tea & coffee

seeds

egg shells

dried flowers

uncoated paper

Fruit & vegetable peels

Peels and cuttings can go straight in. Rotten fruits and vegare great for composting. Some homes throw these away whole - this will take longer but with no adverse effect on quality. Cut them into halves to speed up the process & save space.

Cooked and leftover food

Cooked & leftover food can be added. Roti dough, pizza, bread & fried vegetables are all fine. It is important to drain any curry of extra water before adding. Rice contains a lot of starch that takes a long time to break down so mix it or you will find that the clumps don't break down.

Fish, chicken & meat bones

Bone's will decompose over time and fish waste is good as it is full of nitrogen. Make sure you cover with enough Remix powder or bury bones in the pile for best effects. Bones often need more than one cycle to decompose.

Tea & Coffee

Tea bags, tea leaves, coffee powder and coffee decoction are all great for compost. Most tea bags are made of paper, so put these in directly, don't worry about removing the staple pin. Coffee creates great compost.

Seeds

Seeds can all go in. Some like mango and tamarind take a long time to decompose but will eventually break down. Add them back to the composter for more than one cycle until they crumble fully.

Egg Shells

Egg shells need to be crushed Some crushed pieces will be visible even after you have harvested compost, this is OK. Egg shells take a long time to compost, but are very good for soil.

Pooja flowers & dried flowers

Pooja flowers and dried flowers can go in. We also have a composter just for Pooja flowers so you can make "holy" compost too. The string in the flowers will take more time, but will compost eventually.

Uncoated Paper

Kitchen paper and other bits of tissue paper should be added as the last resort. Paper is best recycled. But if you have to - shred before adding. We don't recommend adding newspaper or glossy magazines as it adds lead (Pb) to the compost. Do not add plastic or coated paper either.

What cannot go in

coconut waste

plastic

newspaper

disposables

dead animals & poop

batteries & old medicine

cigarette butts

shiny (coated) packaging

Coconut husk and shell

You cannot put the shell into the composter. Some people open up the husk and add it, which is OK. Remember this is a hardy material & will take long to decompose. Get creative with your coconut waste or give the husk and shell to those who need it as fuel.

Plastic bags and corners of plastic milk packets

These will choke the micro-organisms that enable decomposition, so make sure they are kept out.

Newspaper & glossy magazines

We don't recommend adding newspaper or glossy magazines as it adds lead (Pb) to the compost. Do not any coated paper either.

Paper plates and cups

Although they seem 'ecofriendly' most of these have a fine layer of plastic coating which is not compostable. Give it to a recycler & stop using disposables!

Dead animals, hair & poop

Animals are best burried in the soil. Do not add them to your composter as it may contain disease carrying pathogens. The droppings and hair from animals (and humans) can also contain pathogens. Do not put any cat or dog hair in.

Medicines & Batteries

No medicines or chemical additives should go in the composter. Some hospitals take back medical waste for incineration. Batteries contain lead - add them to your ewaste & dispose safely. Daily Dump (Head ofiice) is a registered drop off point for ewaste.

Cigarette Butts

These are not compostable and are to be given to the municipal truck with with other reject waste

Foil wrappers and 'shiny packaging'

The shiny packaging is called 'metalized polyester' - it is metal fused with plastic. It is neither compostable nor recyclable in India so stop buying metalized poly & write to the manufacturers to stop using it!

WHAT TO WATCH OUT FOR

Little details you need to know

Learn / Compost / Kitchen Waste / Believing

Seeing & smelling is believing!

Here are some images of kitchen waste in various stages of decomposition. The ideal aerobic compost pile is moist, airy and smell free.

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  • Composting is not rocket science. If you go wrong, we are here to help

Learn / Compost / Kitchen Waste / Harvesting

Harvesting compost

After 1.5 months of decomposition and 1 month of maturing, compost should be black, with very little recognisable food particles. Sieve it if you want ‘tea leaf texture’. Some folks prefer to use it without sieving and simply pick out the large chunks.

What could remain after sieving?

Whatever remains need to be put back for another composting cycle.

  • Twigs and stringy bits

  • Maggot shells are safe to add back to your fresh waste

  • Fibre, leaves

  • Seeds & bones

  • Thousands of others like you compost at home everyday

Learn / Compost / Kitchen Waste / Storing

Storing compost

1. Moisture

Done compost needs to be stored in an airy container and kept moist so that the small amounts of organic material are able to fully break down. We reccommend our Leave it Pot and Remix Bin (since they have holes). Storing in jute sacks is also fine but do watch out for those troublesome rodents that might come to have a nibble. Plastic buckets tend to lead to smell, so make holes in the bucket if using it to store compost. It is important to keep the compost moist & airy.

2. Additives

To accelerate the last part of decomposition, you can add worms or curd. Adding turmeric (1 teaspoon) neem (1 tablespoon) and panchgavya (1 capfull) help improve the quality of final compost. You can add these once a week. Expert gardeners will add many other things depending on the crop they are tending.

Earthworm image credit: Vani Murthy

3. Time

Maturing compost for at least a month before using is best practice as it allows time for all the micro organisms to finish breaking down the smallest bits of food. If you are not sure even after a month if you can use it in the garden, do some simple tests. You can store compost forever technically, but keep it moist. After a very long time, you may need to add some nutrients to get the microbes going again.

  • Leave it pots are ideal for maturing and storing compost

Learn / Compost / Kitchen Waste / FAQ's

FAQ's about Kitchen Waste composting

1. What is the difference between composting at home and large scale composting in farms, food processing & livestock breeding units?

1. What is the difference between composting at home and large scale composting in farms, food processing & livestock breeding units?

Answer

The first difference is the volumes of waste that are managed. Home composting only deals with about 30 – 50 kgs of waste per month per home. Large scale composting deals with thousands of tonnes of organic waste so problems of leachate management, pests, odour, pollution of soil and air, etc are much bigger.

2. What percentage of household waste can be composted?

2. What percentage of household waste can be composted?

Answer

About 50 -70% of Indian household waste generated is organic in nature and can be used to make compost.
A family of 4 in a city produces anything from 750 grams to 1.5 kgs of kitchen waste daily.

3. Can cooked food waste be composted?

3. Can cooked food waste be composted?

Answer

Yes, you can add cooked waste food to your dump – just make sure you cover it with enough Remix Powder – so that flies do not have anything to get attracted to.

4. Do I need a product/bin to make compost at home?

4. Do I need a product/bin to make compost at home?

Answer

No. Compost can be made in open piles or a pit in the ground, a bucket, etc.

5. What are the advantages of Daily Dump products over pits and open piles?

5. What are the advantages of Daily Dump products over pits and open piles?

Answer

  • A product helps keep the piles neat, retain heat and moisture.
  • It is convenient to use, a pit is very difficult to maintain.
  • The product is designed to absorb the leechate and thus prevent bad odour or leaks.
  • The product makes it easy to use in places where space is at a premium.
  • It keeps rats, rain and pests away
  • Is beautiful so can be proudly displayed in your garden or balcony.

6. What is leachate?

6. What is leachate?

Answer

Kitchen waste has a high water content which is discharged when decomposition begins. This discharged liquid is called leachate. Leachate is nutrient rich and when diluted is a good additive to plants. The Daily Dump products are designed to take care of this. The Daily Dump products are designed to absorb this liquid into the finished compost and prevent leaks.

7. Can I do vermi-composting in the daily dump products?

7. Can I do vermi-composting in the daily dump products?

Answer

You can add worms in the last stage of your composting in our products. Do not add them in the fresh waste, as they need a well balanced pH and temperature environment and cannot handle citrus, dairy or meat products. Vermicomposting needs some expert and consistent looking after. While it produces superior compost, its not something everyone can do.

8. What is a composting accelerator?

8. What is a composting accelerator?

Answer

Any additive that speeds up the process of decomposition can be called an accelerator.
Remember however that you can make compost without any of these – just by making sure you keep the dump moist and aerated. Mixing a fresh pile of waste with a pile of semi-composted material also speeds us decomposition. Compost eventually…………happens! (You can slow it, but cannot stop it!)

Daily Dump supplies many different kinds of accelerators and our Remix Powder has accelerator mixed into it!

9. Why do I need to add Remix Powder?

9. Why do I need to add Remix Powder?

Answer

You need to add Remix Powder because kitchen waste discharges a lot of water when decomposition happens. This will make the pile over wet if it is not balanced out with dry organic material. Also microbes need carbon to do their work of decomposition. Remix Powder has the right mix of carbon and microbes that help decomposition and reduce bad door. Using Remix Powder ensures you do not need to stir and waste your time!

10. I do not have access to Remix Powder? What do I do?

10. I do not have access to Remix Powder? What do I do?

Answer

You can sign up for the Postal Delivery Plan. We can post you your monthly requirement of Powder and save you the bother of coming to pick it up.

11. How much compost will I generate with the waste of my home?

11. How much compost will I generate with the waste of my home?

Answer

Not enough to make a lot of money – depending on how many kilos of waste you generate – you can produce up to 2 - 6 kgs per month.

12. Can I add garden leaves and clippings to my Daily Dump kitchen waste composter?

12. Can I add garden leaves and clippings to my Daily Dump kitchen waste composter?

Answer

They are bulky and will take up too much space in your kitchen waste composter. We suggest you compost these separately in our Leaf Composters. Garden waste takes 6 months to become leaf mulch and 12 months or more to become leaf compost.

13. I still am not convinced that it's such a good idea to compost at home.?

13. I still am not convinced that it's such a good idea to compost at home.?

Answer

We feel strongly that you should at least try and see the difference it makes to you once you see orange peels and rotting papaya turn to dark, sweet smelling compost. You will look at yourself and the world differently – with a sense of wonder and awe! (we know because its happened to each of us at Daily Dump)